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Tuesday, March 25, 2014

History of Wonosobo Dieng temple



Gambar
History of Wonosobo Dieng temple , a temple complex located in a very broad plateau named Dieng . Dieng plateau itself is actually a very active volcanic plains wide , and can be regarded as a giant volcano . Some people call this place the Dieng Plateau , there is also a mention of Mount Dieng .

Dieng plateau sifting around Wonosobo and Banjarnegara district , and is located to the west of Mount Sindoro and Sumbing . Dieng is located at an altitude of about 2,000 meters above sea level . As an active volcanic mountain , plateau also has some that are still very active craters scattered in several places with a considerable distance apart .

Position is high enough to make the air temperature in this region is very cold for Indonesian people . In the daytime air temperature in the range of 15 ° -20 ° Celsius and 10 ° Celsius at night . Whereas in certain months the temperature can reach 0 ° Celsius .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Discovery Dieng temple

Dieng temple is a Hindu temple complex . Early discovery of Wonosobo Dieng temple complex occurred in about the year 1814. Begins when a British soldier who at the time was intended traveled in the Dieng plateau . Inadvertently he saw some of the top of the temple which is submerged in the puddle of water .

Then finally in 1856 dimualilah draining and dredging efforts around the temple complex area . This effort is led by a Dutchman named Van Kinsbergen . And started from there and found some of the temple tersebat in some place not too far away . This process is then followed by the process of recording and image capture in 1864 .

Wonosobo Dieng temple history

Dieng temple 's history up to the present is not so clear , since no written evidence that mentions about when exactly the Dieng temple was built . Only an inscription found in the region , which has a rate of 808 AD .

There are some experts who say that the Dieng temple complex built about a century 8-9 AD on the orders of the king during the Sanjaya dynasty . However, according to research further , Dieng temple complex have been built through 2 stages of development . The first phase is expected to start by the end of the 7th century and ended in the early 8th century . While the construction of the second phase took place in the mid 8th century until about the year 780 AD .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Temple complex Dieng

Wonosobo Dieng temple itself is a temple complex . This means that not only consists of one building of the temple , but rather consists of many clusters of temples scattered in multiple locations rather far apart . Wonosobo Dieng temple complex as a whole occupies an area of ​​1.9 x 0.8 square kilometers .

The temple complex consists of three groups of clusters of temples and 1 individual temple . Interestingly all these temples groups named after characters in the book puppet like the Mahabharata which Ghatotkacha Temple Complex , Arjuna Temple complex , Temple Complex Dwarawati , and another is that the Milky temple is not a temple group ( stand alone ) .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Temple Complex Arjuna

Arjuna temple complex is one of the temple complex in Wonosobo Dieng temple . Arjuna temple complex consists of five temples namely Candi Arjuna , Semar Temple , Temple Puntadewa , Sembadra Temple , Temple Heroine .


1 . Arjuna Temple
Arjuna temple is the main temple in this temple group . Arjuna temple square shape measuring about 4 m2 . Arjuna temple located in the most southern and western facing characterized by the stairs on the west side of the temple . Agency Arjuna temple located on a 1 meter tall platform .



2 . Semar Temple

Semar temple is the only temple in this complex is not located in the same row with the other temples . Semar temple is located right in front of Arjuna temple , and its position facing each other . Semar temple is rectangular and has a smaller size than Arjuna Temple . In Semar temple there is only an empty room with walls adorned with small windows .

3 .  Srikandi temple
Srikandi
temple located just north temple Arjuna . Srikandi Temple cuboid outer wall decorated with reliefs of Lord Vishnu in the north , the south wall Brahma and Lord Shiva in the east wall .



4 .  Sembadra temple

Sembadra temple located in the northern temple Heroine . The shape of the cube in the roof and shapes like polygons on the body .



5 .  Puntadewa temple

Puntadewa temple is located at the northern end of the row of this temple . Temple Puntadewa look slim and tall because it stands on 2.5 -meter tall platform . The temple has a narrow empty space in it .



TEMPLE DIENG , CHRONOLOGY AND DESCRIPTION

Talks about the temples in Dieng has been discussed by NJKrom in his book Inleiding tot de Hindoe - Javaansche Kunst ( 1923) , 3 vols , EBVogler in De Monsterkop in de Hindoe - Javaansche Bouwkunst (1949 ) , who discuss the chronology of temple temples of Central Java by Kala - makaranya ornament , then Soetjipto Wirjosuparto discuss Dieng temple in his essay entitled the History of Ancient Buildings Dieng ( 1957 ) .

According Soetjipto Wirjosuparto , Dieng complex was first visited in 1814 by HCCornelius , and according to the report , the Dieng plateau is still a lake and in between there are temples submerged in water . New 1856 J.van Kinsbergen make pictures Dieng temples , the water flowed so plains become dry .

EBVogler split chronologically temples in Central Java , based on the characteristics of Kala - makara ornament . He made ​​pembabakan temples as follows :

Old Art Building in Central Java , but has been lost because it is made daribenda - perishable items
Sanjaya art building period ( mid- seventh century - mid eighth century ) , Although there is no bekas2nya , Vogler determines that the building 's future berakarkan Sanjaya art building Pallwa South India . Art building called building Dieng inijuga Kuna .
Sailendra art building ( the mid - eighth century mid IX century ) , is a blend of art elements Dieng Kuna and North India . Sailendra art building can be divided into two streams , namely :
New art building Dieng , who will continue their arts buildings Dieng Kuna . An example is bangunan2 in Dieng
Java Sailendra - art building that berakarkan North Indian art building , an example is in the area of ​​South Kedu candi2 and around Prambanan , the temple Kalasan , Sari , Lumbung , Sewu , Borobudur , Mendut , Pawon
Arts Unity building , ( the mid - ninth century about 927 years ) . So-called " unity " because Sanjayawamsa been united with Sailendrawamsa through marriage . There is mixing with the art style of building in East Java and the art style of the building from outside Java . Including this group is Puntadewa temples in Dieng , candi2 Gedongsanga , Plaosan , Sojiwan and Lara Jonggrang .
Central Java art building late ( ( 500-928 ) , which mimics the art of building temples Sembadra temple , temple Heroine , Temple Mount Wukir .
Pembabakan temples by the Vogler , followed by Soetjipto Wirjosuparto grouping temples in Dieng , the book mentioned above .

As noted earlier , the temples at Dieng now there are eight pieces , although there is a possibility of the temple was once the amount is more than eight . Four temples line the north , namely Arjuna temple , temple Heroine , Cabdi Puntadewa and Sembodro temple , facing west. Faced with Arjuna temple there Semar temple , which serves as an ancillary temple , facing east . Meanwhile there is an opinion that the temple was located in front of the ancillary temples Heroine , Puntadewa and Sembodro , but now it is not left . This is the fifth temple of the group , because there are remnants of a fence surrounding .

history of the Wonosobo city




History of the town of Wonosobo closely associated with the development of Islamic Mataram power in the seventeenth century , or about the 1600s . Wonosobo when it was still a stretch of wilderness areas . Then at one point came three each rover named Kyai Walik , Kyai Kolodete , and Kyai Karim .

Those with relatives began pioneering a settlement in Wonosobo . They memulaimembuka forest and turn it into a residential and agricultural land as a source of their livelihood .

In the third trip Kyai live different place , Kyai Kolodete settle in the Dieng Plateau , Kyai Walik settled in the area around the town of Wonosobo , he was called as a character designer Karim Kyai city while living in the area Kalibeber . Of the three founding fathers of Wonosobo City , said Kyai Walik is a most prominent scholars close to the heart of the people, a populist leader figure .

After the Kyai occupy the new residence then start the new developments . The settlers more and more and more terkenallah Wonosobo .

While the origin of the name of Wonosobo very close relation to the number of entrants . Wonosobo etymologically derived from two words namely " Wono " which berartihutan and " Sobo " meaning to visit . So says Wonosobo roughly means " forest areas which are visited "
( Based on Folklore ) . DI became known several prominent authorities such as Hero Member Wonosobo Wonosobo Kartowaseso as ruler of the central authority in Selomanik . Also known as a character named Hero Member Wiroduta Wonosobo central ruling power in Pecekelan - Kalilusi , which subsequently transferred to Ledok - Wonosobo or Plobangan today. One grandchild Kyai Karim also known as one of the rulers of Wonosobo " i Singowedono " which has been awarded a place in the palace Selomerto of Mataram and was appointed ruler of this area its name changed to Tumenggung Jogonegoro . At this time the center of power moved to Selomerto . Hero Member dies after Jogonegoro Pakuncen buried in the village . In wartime Diponegoro (1825 - 1930) , Wonosobo is one of the Diponegoro supporter base defense forces .
Some important figures who support the struggle of Diponegoro is Imam Musbch or later known as Hero Member Kertosinuwun , Mas village chief or Tumenggung Mangkunegaran , Elephant Permodo and Kyai Muhammad Ngarpah . In a battle against the Dutch , Kyai Muhammad Ngarpah managed to obtain the first victory . The success of the Prince Diponegoro gave the name to Kyai Muhammad Ngarpah as Tumenggung Seconegoro . Furthermore Seconegoro Hero Member appointed by the ruler Ledok Tumenggung SECONEGORO glass . The existence of power Seconegoro Ledok area can be further examined from a variety of sources including the Dutch report published after the war Diponegoro completed . Regent Seconegoro is the center of power moved to the area from the town of Wonosobo Selomerto today.

Потягніть Forces Command НАТО Росію від України





Делегація Російської військова вантажівка далі виходить на Сімферопольському Севастополя в злочинності , України ( 1 /3). Український уряд називаючи дії Росії як акт вторгнення в Криму , який може збільшити напруженість у відносинах між Сходом і Заходом.



TEMPO.CO , Київ - Відправка військ до Криму по Росії , Україні , викликало критику від Організації Північноатлантичного договору ( НАТО). Генсек НАТО Андерс Фог Расмуссен закликав Росію вивести свої війська.

"Ми закликаємо Росію знизити напруженість і негайно вивести війська з Криму " , сказав він , як цитує BBC на понеділок , 3 березня 2014 року. За його словами , Росія повинна також утримуватися від будь-якого втручання в іншому місці в Україні .

Сотні російських військ оточили столицю Крим , Сімферополь. Цей крок є останнім військові маневри після підтримки Росії Президент України Віктор Янукович , був відсторонений від посади. Якщо Путін наказав військові дії , російсько-український війна майже напевно відбудеться.

Водночас , група озброєних людей взяли під свій контроль двох аеропортів Сімферополя і Криму парламенту. Вони також купувати російський прапор на вершині будівлі парламенту. Жителі Криму в основному з етнічних росіян . З 46 мільйонів жителів України , 77 відсотків етнічних українців і 17 відсотків етнічних росіян, решта Білорусь .


Події в Україні як і раніше жарко після демонстранти вдалося змусити парламент оголосити імпічмент президенту Віктору Януковичу на Суботу , 22 Лютого 2014 року. Янукович тоді бігли в основному етнічних регіонах Росії , і в минулий четвер повідомляється , знайшли притулок в Москві.