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Tuesday, March 25, 2014

History of Wonosobo Dieng temple



Gambar
History of Wonosobo Dieng temple , a temple complex located in a very broad plateau named Dieng . Dieng plateau itself is actually a very active volcanic plains wide , and can be regarded as a giant volcano . Some people call this place the Dieng Plateau , there is also a mention of Mount Dieng .

Dieng plateau sifting around Wonosobo and Banjarnegara district , and is located to the west of Mount Sindoro and Sumbing . Dieng is located at an altitude of about 2,000 meters above sea level . As an active volcanic mountain , plateau also has some that are still very active craters scattered in several places with a considerable distance apart .

Position is high enough to make the air temperature in this region is very cold for Indonesian people . In the daytime air temperature in the range of 15 ° -20 ° Celsius and 10 ° Celsius at night . Whereas in certain months the temperature can reach 0 ° Celsius .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Discovery Dieng temple

Dieng temple is a Hindu temple complex . Early discovery of Wonosobo Dieng temple complex occurred in about the year 1814. Begins when a British soldier who at the time was intended traveled in the Dieng plateau . Inadvertently he saw some of the top of the temple which is submerged in the puddle of water .

Then finally in 1856 dimualilah draining and dredging efforts around the temple complex area . This effort is led by a Dutchman named Van Kinsbergen . And started from there and found some of the temple tersebat in some place not too far away . This process is then followed by the process of recording and image capture in 1864 .

Wonosobo Dieng temple history

Dieng temple 's history up to the present is not so clear , since no written evidence that mentions about when exactly the Dieng temple was built . Only an inscription found in the region , which has a rate of 808 AD .

There are some experts who say that the Dieng temple complex built about a century 8-9 AD on the orders of the king during the Sanjaya dynasty . However, according to research further , Dieng temple complex have been built through 2 stages of development . The first phase is expected to start by the end of the 7th century and ended in the early 8th century . While the construction of the second phase took place in the mid 8th century until about the year 780 AD .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Temple complex Dieng

Wonosobo Dieng temple itself is a temple complex . This means that not only consists of one building of the temple , but rather consists of many clusters of temples scattered in multiple locations rather far apart . Wonosobo Dieng temple complex as a whole occupies an area of ​​1.9 x 0.8 square kilometers .

The temple complex consists of three groups of clusters of temples and 1 individual temple . Interestingly all these temples groups named after characters in the book puppet like the Mahabharata which Ghatotkacha Temple Complex , Arjuna Temple complex , Temple Complex Dwarawati , and another is that the Milky temple is not a temple group ( stand alone ) .

Wonosobo Dieng Temple History - Temple Complex Arjuna

Arjuna temple complex is one of the temple complex in Wonosobo Dieng temple . Arjuna temple complex consists of five temples namely Candi Arjuna , Semar Temple , Temple Puntadewa , Sembadra Temple , Temple Heroine .


1 . Arjuna Temple
Arjuna temple is the main temple in this temple group . Arjuna temple square shape measuring about 4 m2 . Arjuna temple located in the most southern and western facing characterized by the stairs on the west side of the temple . Agency Arjuna temple located on a 1 meter tall platform .



2 . Semar Temple

Semar temple is the only temple in this complex is not located in the same row with the other temples . Semar temple is located right in front of Arjuna temple , and its position facing each other . Semar temple is rectangular and has a smaller size than Arjuna Temple . In Semar temple there is only an empty room with walls adorned with small windows .

3 .  Srikandi temple
Srikandi
temple located just north temple Arjuna . Srikandi Temple cuboid outer wall decorated with reliefs of Lord Vishnu in the north , the south wall Brahma and Lord Shiva in the east wall .



4 .  Sembadra temple

Sembadra temple located in the northern temple Heroine . The shape of the cube in the roof and shapes like polygons on the body .



5 .  Puntadewa temple

Puntadewa temple is located at the northern end of the row of this temple . Temple Puntadewa look slim and tall because it stands on 2.5 -meter tall platform . The temple has a narrow empty space in it .



TEMPLE DIENG , CHRONOLOGY AND DESCRIPTION

Talks about the temples in Dieng has been discussed by NJKrom in his book Inleiding tot de Hindoe - Javaansche Kunst ( 1923) , 3 vols , EBVogler in De Monsterkop in de Hindoe - Javaansche Bouwkunst (1949 ) , who discuss the chronology of temple temples of Central Java by Kala - makaranya ornament , then Soetjipto Wirjosuparto discuss Dieng temple in his essay entitled the History of Ancient Buildings Dieng ( 1957 ) .

According Soetjipto Wirjosuparto , Dieng complex was first visited in 1814 by HCCornelius , and according to the report , the Dieng plateau is still a lake and in between there are temples submerged in water . New 1856 J.van Kinsbergen make pictures Dieng temples , the water flowed so plains become dry .

EBVogler split chronologically temples in Central Java , based on the characteristics of Kala - makara ornament . He made ​​pembabakan temples as follows :

Old Art Building in Central Java , but has been lost because it is made daribenda - perishable items
Sanjaya art building period ( mid- seventh century - mid eighth century ) , Although there is no bekas2nya , Vogler determines that the building 's future berakarkan Sanjaya art building Pallwa South India . Art building called building Dieng inijuga Kuna .
Sailendra art building ( the mid - eighth century mid IX century ) , is a blend of art elements Dieng Kuna and North India . Sailendra art building can be divided into two streams , namely :
New art building Dieng , who will continue their arts buildings Dieng Kuna . An example is bangunan2 in Dieng
Java Sailendra - art building that berakarkan North Indian art building , an example is in the area of ​​South Kedu candi2 and around Prambanan , the temple Kalasan , Sari , Lumbung , Sewu , Borobudur , Mendut , Pawon
Arts Unity building , ( the mid - ninth century about 927 years ) . So-called " unity " because Sanjayawamsa been united with Sailendrawamsa through marriage . There is mixing with the art style of building in East Java and the art style of the building from outside Java . Including this group is Puntadewa temples in Dieng , candi2 Gedongsanga , Plaosan , Sojiwan and Lara Jonggrang .
Central Java art building late ( ( 500-928 ) , which mimics the art of building temples Sembadra temple , temple Heroine , Temple Mount Wukir .
Pembabakan temples by the Vogler , followed by Soetjipto Wirjosuparto grouping temples in Dieng , the book mentioned above .

As noted earlier , the temples at Dieng now there are eight pieces , although there is a possibility of the temple was once the amount is more than eight . Four temples line the north , namely Arjuna temple , temple Heroine , Cabdi Puntadewa and Sembodro temple , facing west. Faced with Arjuna temple there Semar temple , which serves as an ancillary temple , facing east . Meanwhile there is an opinion that the temple was located in front of the ancillary temples Heroine , Puntadewa and Sembodro , but now it is not left . This is the fifth temple of the group , because there are remnants of a fence surrounding .

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